Education For Asylum Seekers In UK 2023Dr Shafiq
Like other newcomers, children and young people seeking refuge in England are diverse. Some may be brought to the UK by one or both parents, while others may be brought to the country under elder siblings, relatives, or other traditional caregivers. Some, but not all, will have experienced conflict and other tragic events. Many ask – can asylum seekers apply for a student visa? Can asylum seekers study in the UK? Are asylum seekers allowed to study in the UK? Read more to find out about education for asylum seekers in UK.
Asylum Seeker and Refugee Status
In the United Kingdom, refugees have left their home country. They seek asylum because they fear being persecuted because of their race, nationality, religion, social group membership, or political views. Asylum seekers have sought refugee status and are waiting to hear if they will be granted it.
There are a variety of official status alternatives available. The following list provides a quick summary; the UK Visas and Immigration website has more information.
- Asylum seeker – You’ve submitted an asylum application or are awaiting a response.
- Refugee – You have been awarded official refugee status and granted permission to remain in the UK. UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) has sent you a letter confirming this.
- Humanitarian protection – You have been granted permission to remain in the United Kingdom for humanitarian reasons. UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) has sent you a letter confirming this.
- Discretionary Leave to Remain (DLR) or Limited Leave to Remain (LLR) – You have been granted permission to remain in the United Kingdom for a limited time. UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) has sent you a letter confirming this.
But can students apply for asylum in UK? Some individuals come to the UK on a visitor’s visa, a student’s visa, or a work visa, then apply for asylum when they arrive or afterward. You don’t have to seek asylum immediately if you arrive in the country. The Home Office can use this information against you if you apply for asylum.
How to Apply for Asylum in the UK?
If you seek refuge in the UK, promptly initiating your asylum application is vital. This process begins as soon as you perceive that returning to your home country presents perilous circumstances. Let’s break down the steps to ensure you tread this path with a clear roadmap.
Step 1: Understanding Eligibility
To apply for asylum, you need to have left your home country due to a genuine fear of persecution. Validate your eligibility for claiming asylum before proceeding. If your purpose for staying in the UK differs, perhaps to work, study, or unite with family, explore suitable visa options available.
Step 2: The Screening Process
Upon deciding to apply, you’ll undergo a ‘screening’ process with an immigration officer. This preliminary yet crucial step ascertains if the UK can consider your asylum claim.
Step 3: The Asylum Interview
Once past the screening, an asylum interview with a caseworker awaits you. This is your chance to narrate your story, detailing the fears that necessitate your asylum request. Following this, you’ll be informed of their decision on your application in due course.
Step 4: Upholding Integrity
While embarking on this journey, remember that authenticity is key. Providing false information on your application can lead to stern consequences, including a jail term of up to 2 years or deportation.
Step 5: Awaiting the Decision
While your application is being assessed, you’ll be required to adhere to certain protocols like reporting regularly to a caseworker (‘reporting events’). Additionally, you should promptly notify the authorities of any change in your circumstances. Working is usually not permitted during this period, but support is available to assist you with legal representation and living conditions.
Children Applying Independently
For children navigating this process independently, without an adult relative claiming asylum, know that you can apply on your own, a provision ensuring your safety and well-being during this critical period.
By understanding these steps, you’re equipping yourself to successfully navigate the asylum application process and laying a firm foundation for a promising educational journey in the UK.
Education for Refugees and Asylum Seekers
So, can asylum seekers study in UK? Children who are refugees or asylum seekers have equal access to the whole curriculum, tailored to their age, capability, and aptitude, as well as any special education in the UK for asylum seekers. There are many courses for asylum seekers in different institutions.
The local government accepts them in schools and academies the same way as any other kid seeking a school space. The standard admissions procedure will be used; however, if the requirements are satisfied, students may be placed via the Fair Access and Secondary Pupil Placement panels in addition to the regular admissions process.
Admission for Asylum Seekers and Refugees
Asylum seekers and refugees should be admitted and inducted by the school’s New Arrivals Induction Policy, which applies to all new students (see the New Arrivals page). However, because of the unique experiences that refugee and asylum-seeking students and parents are likely to bring with them, it is advised that the following measures be given special attention.
- Prepare for a skilled, independent translator to help in the admissions meeting and ensure they know the family’s circumstances, particularly the local context in the nation of birth. Wherever feasible, the interpreter’s ethnicity/dialect should be the same as the family’s and not from a group currently at odds in the nation of origin.
- The assigned teacher for looked-after children should be invited to the admissions meeting if the incoming student is an unaccompanied juvenile and actively involved in future meetings.
- From the first meeting, try to develop a culture of trust and collaboration. Many parents of asylum-seeking or refugee students may have previously been subjected to questioning by authorities.
- A free ear, eye, and hearing exam should be made clear to the family so they know their child’s right to these benefits. It might be asked if the family receives benefits or asylum assistance vouchers.
- Request evidence of your date of birth, which the school requires. The Home Office will ‘age’ a youngster, if necessary, without requiring passports or immigration documentation.
- Share the names and contact information of any local non-profits or government institutions that assist children and families seeking sanctuary in your area.
Every kid under 16 is entitled to the National Curriculum, yet many asylum seekers and refugees have disrupted their schooling. Some people will have never had formal schooling. Therefore, you may need to ensure that the mainstream curriculum is accessible to them. The Ethnic Minority and Traveler Service (EMTAS) of the local government may assist schools and academies in coping with refugees and asylum seekers.
- Appendix 1 outlines what schools may do to prepare for the arrival of asylum seekers and refugees.
- Appendix 2 gives information about how to be ready for school
- Appendix 3 gives information on a school’s systems, rules, and messaging
- Appendix 4 gives information about curricular provisions and links to them
- Appendix 5 gives pastoral support information
Working With Parents and Members of the Community
Parents of children who are refugees or asylum seekers may need further assistance. Parents, as well as their children’s needs, must be supported and understood.
The following are some of the most typical places where assistance and advice are required:
- The language of English
- Evaluating the educational system
- Interacting with government officials
- Social isolation
Parents may get assistance from schools in the following areas:
- making them feel as though they have a genuine role to play in school
- being personable, particularly for receptionists
- considering the questions, concerns, and opinions of refugee parents with respect
- establishing close ties with local refugee agencies or other organizations
Scholarships for Asylum Seekers at UK University
Many colleges in the United Kingdom provide scholarships and university funding to asylum seekers and refugees. The university directory contains a list of UK institutions presently giving scholarships, information on qualifying requirements, and advice on getting financing.
- As part of its Equal Access Campaign, Student Action for Refugees (STAR) encourages universities to provide scholarships for asylum seekers, allowing them to participate in higher education for asylum seekers in the UK on an equal footing with the rest of us.
- A worldwide scholarship program, the Commonwealth Scholarship Commission (CSC) offers financial assistance to nationals of Commonwealth nations wishing to pursue postgraduate studies at British institutions. They must be citizens or have been granted protection by the United Kingdom and live in one of the Commonwealth’s developing countries.
Eligibility for Funding Asylum Seekers and Refugees
The program determines funding eligibility; contact the funding agency for additional information. As a general rule, you must satisfy the following requirements.
- Either you or your partner/dependent must be an asylum seeker. Or you must be a temporary resident with a status such as DLR or another temporary status for asylum seekers/partners/dependents.
- You must be enrolled in a school, college, community, or volunteer organization that can give a reference for your application or identify a local/national charity that can support your funding application.
- Mainstream financial sources such as student loans, grants from municipal governments, and government benefits are unavailable to you.
- An unconditional or conditional offer of admission to a university program is required to be eligible to apply for a college scholarship.
You’ll need to fulfill the financing requirements of the organization or institution you’re applying to. Many institutions, for example, would only accept candidates who live within commuting distance. For additional information, please get in touch with the appropriate organization directly.
Frequently Asked Questions
Is It Possible for Asylum Seekers to Go to College in the UK?
Asylum seekers in the United Kingdom are often barred from attending universities. Most are international students, meaning they must pay more tuition. On top of that, most of them can’t get student loans and aren’t allowed to work to pay for school or cover living expenses.
What Are the Rights of Asylum Seekers in the UK?
In the United Kingdom, this indicates that they do not have the same legal protections as a refugee or citizen. People seeking refuge, for example, are not permitted to work. We all have the legal right to seek refuge. Asylum is a legal procedure; hence, it is not criminal to apply for asylum.
Can Asylum Seekers Get UK Bank Accounts?
You may now establish a bank account in the United Kingdom since you have immigration status. It makes paying for meals and bills a lot simpler. The procedure should be simple if you have documentation of your immigration status, but some banks have never seen a biometric residence permit.
Are There Any Scholarships Available for Asylum Seekers?
Asylum seekers, refugees, and asylum seekers who have been accepted to or are continuing their studies at a UC or CSU institution are eligible for scholarships via the program. Although refugees and asylum seekers are eligible to apply for government assistance via the FAFSA, they are commonly provided loans.
Can International Students Seek Asylum in the UK?
It’s a big question – Can international students apply for asylum in UK? Getting a visa to seek asylum in the United Kingdom is not necessary. In the UK, asylum seekers may apply for international protection if they are in danger back home and want the UK to give them international protection. People come to the UK in various ways since there is no official visa to seek asylum.
Can You Switch From Asylum to Work Visa?
Yes, you can switch from an asylum status to a work visa in the UK, but it’s not straightforward. After receiving a positive decision on your asylum application, you’ll typically be granted refugee status or humanitarian protection, which includes the right to work. However, to switch to a specific work visa, such as the Skilled Worker Visa, you’ll need a job offer from a licensed sponsor, meet the job’s skill and salary requirements, and satisfy English language requirements. Each visa category has different requirements and procedures; legal advice is recommended. Immigration rules can change, so always check the most recent guidelines.
How to Claim Asylum UK?
If you’re already in the UK as a student and fear returning to your home country, you can claim asylum by contacting the UK Home Office directly. You’ll be interviewed to assess your eligibility under the 1951 Refugee Convention. Documentation to substantiate your claim will help, though it’s not mandatory. You’ll also undergo a medical examination. Seek professional legal advice to guide you through this complex process.
Asylum seekers, refugees, children, and young people are particularly vulnerable to emotional and mental health issues, prejudice, and racism. Refugees in the UK perhaps face many problems, but they may benefit from the education for asylum seekers in UK because it gives them a sense of belonging in the classroom.